Monthly Archives: March 2015


Sister Eva Speaks Real Independence

“We have this church in the village. We have this church. The walls make out of mud, the roof with carrat leaves; a single hut with no steeple or cross or acolytes or white priests or Latin ceremonies. BUT IT IS OWN….. BLACK PEOPLE OWN IT”
Lovelace

-Sister Eva, in Earl Lovelace’s The Wine of Astonishment (Heinemann, 1983) p.32


A Better World is Possible with Women as Decision-Makers

women11c“If you’re talking about poverty, you need voice, participation and leadership for women; if you are talking about economy, you need voice and participation; if you’re talking education, you need women – both education for voice, participation and leadership, capacity -building , and you need them to be leaders”.

United Nations Women Deputy Executive Director Lakshmi Puri at the recent “Women in Power and Decision-making: Building a Different World”, held in Santiago, Chile, February 27-28, 2015.

 


March Past and the Redeeming Power of Memory

grenadacall_imageMarch 13, 2015

 

The young are forever too infantile to make proper sense of Leonard Cohen‘s ancient wisdom in “Anthem” in which the poet writes:

There is a crack, a crack in everything

That’s how the light gets in

That’s how the light gets in

Cohen’s poetic light flashes in the intensity of Umberto Eco’s essay “On Literature:

The novelist -moral philosopher should be heard at this hour of our debt.   

“There are non-material forces which cannot be measured precisely, but nonetheless carry weight”.

Contemplate the weight of weightlessness.

Beware the inflexible, for once upon a time on an island inflexibility rained blood on Lenin’s “precipitous path”.

Beware the toxic certainty of orthodoxy.

 

Caldwell Taylor

 


Big Drum Nation’s Grenada Bibliography (1787 – 2015)

  • Grenada Books

    local or overseas, by author, title, and year of publication

  • epub-download-720x400
  • maroon-lives-2-201x300Adkin, Mark. Urgent Fury: The Battle for Grenada: The Truth Behind the Largest U.S. Military Construct From MornOperation Since Vietnam © 1989
  • Anstis, Shirley. They Call Me … A look at nicknames on the Caribbean island of Grenada
  • Artesian water supply of Carrriacou – Report by E. Lehner with notes on the general geology of the island, Government Printing Office (1933)
  • Badejo, Fabian Adekunle. Revolution As Poetic Inspiration: Grenada in ‘Maroon Lives’ 
  • pomerackBain, Francis. A child of the carnival © 1978Place called gouyave
  • Bain, Francis. Beyond the Ballot Box © 1980
  • Beck, Robert J. The Grenada Invasion: Politics, Law, and Foreign Policy Decision-making. Westview Press © 1993
  • Bell, Sir Henry Hesketh Joudou. Obeah: Witchcraft in the West Indies 
  • Bernard, Callistus. They Could Only Kill Me Once, Hibiscus Publishing, ©2006
  • Bishop, Maurice, Taber, Michael. Maurice Bishop Speaks: The Grenada Revolution and Its Overthrow, 1979-83, Pathfinder Press © 1984
  • MeeksBoodhoo, Ken I. The Grenada Revolution: Rationale for Failure and Lessons for the CaribbeanMiami FL: Latin American and Caribbean Center, Florida International University © 1986
  • Brathwaite, Roger. Grenada: Spice Paradise © 2002Clement
  • Breese, Charlotte. Hutch, Alibris © 2001
  • Brizan, George. Grenada: Fortitude and the human condition @2001
  • Brizan, George. Grenada: Island of Conflict, Macmillan Education Ltd, ©1998
  • Brizan, George. Grenada, Island Of Conflict: From Amerindians To People’s Revolution, 1498 1979, Zed Books Ltd © 1984
  • DunbarCampbellBiancaBrown, Cindy Kilgorie. Adventure Guide to St Vincent, Grenada and the Grenadines © 2003Peaceful Revolution
  • Buckell, Tobias S. Halo: The Cole Protocol © 2008
  • Buckell, Tobias S. Hurricane Fever © 2014
  • Buffong, Jean. Under the Silk Cotton Tree: A Novel (Emerging Voices) @1998
  • Burrowes, Reynold. Revolution and Rescue in Grenada: An Account of the U.S.-Caribbean Invasion (Contributions in Sociology), 1988
  • bk-nobodys-back-yard (1)Campbell, Dunbar. Blood of Belvidere © 2013
  • Campbell, Dunbar. The Bianca C Still Burns © 2013HeroCrowd
  • Carew, Jan. Fulcrum of Change © 1982
  • Carew, Jan. Grenada: The Hour Will Strike © 1985
  • Cheng, Guek Pang, Pang, Guek-Cheng. Culture of the World Series: Grenada © 2000
  • CIA and State Department. GRENADA Country Studies: A brief, comprehensive study of Grenada © 2012
  • Clark, Steve. Grenada: Workers and Farmers Government © 2000
  • Clement, Paul. Petite Martinique: Traditions and Social Change © 2000
  • Clyde, David F. Health in Grenada: A Social and Historical Account, Vade-Mecum Press © 1985Hutch
  • the-grenada-revo HartCoard, Phyllis. U.S.War on One Woman: My Conditions of Imprisonment in Grenada, Karia Press © 1988
  • Collins, Merle. Angel: A Novel © 1998
  • Collins, Merle. Ladies are Upstairs © 2011
  • Crandall, Russell, Gunboat Democracy: U.S. Interventions in the Dominican Republic, Grenada, and Panama © 2006
  • Crooks, Lloyd Hollis. Grenada Ghost © 2014GemsInCrack
  • Cugoano, Ottobah. Narrative of the Enslavement of OTTOBAH CUGOANO, Native of Africa; published by himself in the Year 1787
  • Not AloneWe MoveCollins, Merle. Rotten Pomerack, Alibis Books © 1992
  • Collins, Merle. The Governor’s Story: authorized biography of Dame Hilda Bynoe. Pee Pal Tree Press Ltd., © 2013
  • Couvillon and USAF (Ret.) Major Michael J. Grenada Grinder © 2012
  • Cox, Edward, Free Coloreds in the Slave Societies of St. Kitts and Grenada, 1763-1833  © 1984
  • Crandall, Russell. Gunboat Democracy: U.S. Interventions in the Dominican Republic, Grenada, and Panama © 2006millitaryInt
  • Crawford-Daniel, Wendy. Unveiling Island Passion © 2011
  • Mother and ICrozier, Brian (Editor). The Grenada Documents © 1993
  • DaBreo, D. Sinclair. Grenada’s Democracy on Trial, Open Library © 1984
  • DaBreo, D. Sinclair. The Grenada Revolution, M.A.P.S. Publication, © 1979
  • David, Christine. Carriacou Culture © 1973
  • David, Christine. Folklore of Carriacou © 1985
  • Davidson, Scott. Grenada: A Study in Politics and the Limits of International Law, Gower © 1987
  • RevoReverseDeCoteau, Collis Tony. A Place Called Gouyave © 2012
  • De Gale, Clare D. Briggs. Tri-Islands’ Blessings © 2015
  • DeRiggs, Christopher. Jookootoo I and other Poems © 1983Payne
  • DeRiggs, Christopher. Shadow of the Leader © 2012
  • Devas, R. P., A history of the Island of Grenada, 1498-1796, with some notes and comments on Carriacou and events of later years [2nd ed.], Carenage Press [St. George, Grenada] © 1974
  • Devas, R. P., Birds of Grenada and St. Vincent and the Grenadines (British West Indies): how to identify them, when Tri Island where to look for them, Advocate Co., [Bridgetown, Barbados] © 1942
  • Devas, R. P., The island of Grenada (1650-1950) © 1964GrenInWar
  • Devas, R. P., Up Hill and Down Hill in Grenada,  The Grenada Guardian Ltd. [St. George, Grenada] © 1926
  • Dieterle, W., Grenada sketches (Unknown Binding) © 1986GrenadeW
  • Douglas, Claude J., When the Village was an Extended Family © 2003
  • Douglas, Claude J., Win to Govern; Govern to Win: Governance in Grenada (1974-2010) © 2010
  • Edwards, Earl, Zombie Avengers: Jab Jab vs Zombies (Volume 2) © 2013
  • Grenada DestabEquiano, Olaudah, The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African (1789)
  • Emmanuel, Patrick, Crown Colony Politics in Grenada, 1917-1951, Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of the West Indies © 1978
  • Ferguson, James, Grenada: Revolution in Reverse, Latin America Bureau © 1990Island of Conflict
  • Fossil mollusks from Carriacou, West Indies, Paleontological Research Institution in Ithaca, N.Y. © 1971
  • Francis, Nordica, White Paint on Her Forehead ©2009
  • DeceptionGifford, Tony, The Grenada Murder Trial: No Case for Hanging: an Analysis by Tony Gifford, Committee for Human Rights in Grenada (UK) © 1987
  • Goodwin, Paul, The Caribbean After Grenada: Revolution, Conflict, and Democracy, Praeger Publishers Inc © 1988
  • Grenada is not alone: Speeches by the People’s Revolutionary Government at the first International Conference in Solidarity with Grenada, November 1981, Fedon Publishers ©1981200px-PraisesongfortheWidow
  • Grenada Foundation, Inc. George Louison and Kenrick Radix Discuss Internal Events Leading to the U.S. Invasion of Grenada, ©1984
  • RevoAbortGrenada: The Peaceful Revolution. EPICA. ©1981
  • Grenada: The World Against the Crime, Editorial de Ciencias Sociales, ©1983
  • Grenade, Wendy, The Grenada Revolution: Reflections and Lessons, University Press of Mississippi ©2015
  • Griffith, George, The Gairy Movement: a History of Grenada, 1947-1997, © 2015
  • Griffith, George, P.A., The Grenada Boys Secondary School Hostel – Reminiscing on a boarding school life in Grenada © 2012memoirsJP
  • Griffith, Jacintha Pearl, Coveting the Dream © 2002
  • HamiltonGroom, J.R., A Natural History of the Island of Grenada, W.I. Caribbean Printers Ltd., Trinidad © 1970
  • Hamilton, Lewis, My Story, Harper Collins Publishers ©2010
  • Hart, Richard, The Grenada Revolution: Setting The Record Straight. © 2015
  • Hawthorne, William D., Jules, Dean, Caribbean Spice Island Plants: Trees, Shrubs and Climbers of Grenada, Carriacou and Petit Martinique © 2004
  • Heine, Jorge, A Revolution Aborted: The Lessons of Grenada (Pitt Latin American Studies) © 1991Seaga
  • Hill, Donald R., The impact of migration on the metropolitan and folk society of Carriacou, Grenada, American Museum of Natural History in New York © 1977
  • Hodge, Merle and Chris Searle, (eds.), Is Freedom We Making! The New Democracy in Grenada, Fedon Publishing ©1nutmeg982
  • Hodam, Robert, Escaping Grenada (Living Dangerously Book 1), Amazon Digital Services, Inc. © 2013
  • Holbrook, David J., Grenada and Carriacou English-lexifier Creole(s) © 2005
  • Hornig, Doug, Waterman, Popular Library © 1988
  • Hosten, Jennifer, Sarsfield, Shaun, Beyond Miss World, an Autobiography of Jennifer Hosten, Miss World 1970 © 2008
  • Lewis, Paula, Alister Hughes: Glimpses into the life of a great Grenadian, Belmont Estate Heritage Foundation © 1984
  • grenada17Hughes, Alister, compiler, Violations of Human Rights in Grenada for Human Rights Research Project of the Caribbean Conference of Churches, August, 1977
  • Jefferson, Trevor R., Scott, Julie G. M., GRENADA: Expatriate Relocation Manual © 2014Under Silk
  • Jeffrey, Rowley, Gems In The Cracks: Paperback ©2008
  • Jacobs, W. Richard and Basil Ian Jacobs, Grenada: The Route to Revolution, Casa de las Americás, 1979, ©1980
  • John, Gus. A Time to Tell: Grenada Diary, December 14 – 25, 1983
  • Joseph, Marguerite-Joan, Lingering Effects of an Ancient Afro-Romance Language on Common Speech in the Caribbean Island of Grenada, Create Space Independent Publishing © 2012
  • FrockKempadoo, Oonya, Buxton Spice, Beacon Press © 2004
  • Kay, Frances, This is Grenada, Caribbean Printers (First Edition)© 1967equiano olaudah life 073511
    • Keens-Douglas, Ricardo, Bourbonniere, Sylvie, Tales from the Isle of Spice  © 2004
  • Kelly, Francis, Grenada: The Best Kept Secret in the Caribbean Sea © 2012
  • Kephart, Ronald F., “Broken English”: the Creole language of Carriacou © 2000
  • CarriacouKinzer, Steven, Overthrow, Times Publication © 2006
  • Lang, Peter, The Gorrion Tree: Cuba and the Grenada Revolution, John Walton Cotman ©Manning Marrable 1993
  • Langdon, A.C., Grenada: Rescued From Rape and Slavery, (CIA-produced comic book) © 1984
  • Layne, Joseph Ewart, We Move Tonight © 2014
  • Lewis, David, Reform and Revolution in Grenada, 1950-1981, Havana: Casa de las Americas © 1984
  • Lewis, Gordon, Grenada: The Jewel Despoiled, Johns Hopkins University Press, ©1987
  • SocioLingLewis, Patsy, Social Policies in Grenada, (Social Policies in Small States Series) © 2010
  • Lorde, Audre, Zami: A New Spelling of My Name – A Biomythography, (Crossing Press Feminist Series) © 1982
  • Mandle, Jay R., Big Revolution, Small Country: The Rise and Fall of the Grenada Revolution © 1985
  • Marshall, Paule, Praise song for the widow, Plume © 1984pynter bender
  • SteveClarkMartin, John Angus, A-Z of Grenada Heritage (Macmillian Caribbean A-Z) © 2007
  • Martin, John Angus, Island Caribs and French Settlers in Grenada, 1498-1763, Grenada National Museum Press © 2015
  • Martin, Tony, IN NOBODY’S BACKYARD: The Grenada Revolution in its Own Words. Vol. II
  • Martin, Tony, Volume I: The Revolution at Home. Dover, MA: The Majority Press Ed. © 1984.
  • hurricanefever-276x400Marable, Manning, African & Caribbean Politics: From Kwame Nkrumah to Maurice Bishop, Verso Press. ©1987
  • Mark, M.Z., “The Struggle to Construct and Disseminate a Philosophy of Life”
  • Mark M.B.E., Randolph. Grenada’s Unforgettable Past  © 1988
  • Mc Barnett, Kamau, My Mother and I: Epic Story of Grenada ©2014GrenadaRevo
  • McGregor, Margaret, Knit This!: Flag of Grenada © 2015
  • McIntosh, Simeon, Kelsen in the Grenada Court: Essays on Revolutionary Legality © 2008
  • GdaDocMc Quilkin, Elwyn “Black Wizard”, Panchoo, Lloyd “Mr X”. Grenada’s Calypso: The Growth of An Artform © 1994
  • Meeks, Brian, Caribbean Revolutions and Revolutionary Theory: An Assessment of Cuba, Nicaragua and Grenada, University of the West Indies Press © 2001
  • Millette, Robert, Gosine, Mahin, Grenada Revolution: Why It Failed (Studies in Pan-African Life)
  • Munroe, Trevor, Grenada: Revolution, Counter-Revolution, Vanguard Publishers © 1983Ray
  • Noguera, Pedro, The Imperatives of Power: Political Change and the Social Basis of Regime Support in Grenada from 1951-1991, Peter Lang © 1997
  • Nunez, Diafra Thomas, My Home, Grenada  © 2012
  • O’Shaughnessy, Hugh, Grenada: Revolution, Invasion and Aftermath, Sphere Books Ltd., ©1984
  • Culture of WorldPage, Richard, Spice: A satire on the US invasion of Grenada in 1983 © 2014
  • Parker, Philip M., The 2006 Economic and Product Market Databook for Gouyave,Grenada  © 2006
  • Phipps, George, Laws of Grenada and the Grenadines, cover-the-gairy-movement1766-1875 © 1875
  • Mains, Susan, For the Love of Grenada: A Book of Art Painted Between 1992 and 2009 …. only a Beginning  © 2009
  • Manuel, Sam, Grenada, Revolution in the Caribbean, New York: Pathfinder Press ©1981.
  • Miller, Rebecca S., Carriacou String Band Serenade: Performing Identity in the Eastern Caribbean © 2008
  • GrenadaSketchNunez, Diafra, Thomas, My Home, Grenada  © 2012
  • One Caribbean: two speeches by Maurice Bishop, Britain-Grenada Friendship SocietyPatsyLewis © 1981
  • Page, Richard, Spice: A satire on the US invasion of Grenada in 1983 © 2014
  • Patterson, Maurice, Big Sky/ Little Bullet (self-published) © 1992
  • Payne, Anthony, Paul Sutton and Tony Thorndike, Grenada: Revolution and Invasion, St. Martin’s Press, ©1984
  • WordsUnchainedPierre, Lawton J., Black Perceptions: A Poetic Journey and a Novel
  • Pierre, Lawton J., Tears from Home
  • Platt, Owen, One Big Fib: The Incredible Story of the Fraudulent First International Bank of marxistregGrenada ©  2003
  • Pryor, Frederic L., Revolutionary Grenada: A Study in Political Economy, Praeger Publishers, ©1986
  • Purcell, Joan, Memoirs of a Woman in Politics © 2009
  • Roberts-Squires, Maria, October All Over, Heinemann Educational Books © 1988
  • zamiRose, Euclid A. , Dependency and Socialism in the Modern Caribbean: Superpower Intervention in Guyana, Jamaica, and Grenada, 1970-1985, Lexington Books © 2002This is Grenada
  • Sandford, W., Vigilante, Grenada: The Untold Story © 1984
  • Searle, Chris, Grenada: The Struggle Against Destabilization ©1984
  • Searle, Chris, Words Unchained, Zed Books © 1981
  • Sandford, Gregory W. and Richard Vigilante, Grenada: The Untold Story, Madison Books, ©1984
  • Salini, Puri, Grenada Revolution in the Caribbean Present: Operation
    Urgent Memory 
    New Caribbean Studies, Palgrave Macmillan © 2014
  • VanderhoofSchoenhals, Kai P., Grenada  © 1990waterman
  • Scoon, Paul, Survival for Service: My Experiences as Governor General of Grenada © 2003
  • Scott, Alan, The Quest for Justice: The Case of the Grenada 17, Committee for Human Rights in Grenada © 1993
  • Scott, David, Omens of Adversity: Tragedy, Time, Memory, Justice © 2014
  • Jefferson, Trevor R., Scott, Julie G. M., GRENADA: Expatriate Relocation Manual © 2014
  • Sekou, Lansna M., Maroon Lives: Tribute to Maurice Bishop & Grenadian Freedom Fighters by Lasana
  • Sheppard, Jill, Marryshow of Grenada, an Introduction, Open Library © 1987USGda
  • MZ Mark BookSingham, A.W., The Hero and The Crowd in Colonial Polity © 1958
  • Smith, Courtney A., Socialist Transformation in Peripheral Economies: Lessons from Grenada  © 1995
  • Smith, M.G., Kinship and community in Carriacou, Yale University Press: New Haven © 1962
  • Sookram, Ron, Challenges and Achievements: The History of Indians in Grenada: Understanding the Indian Experience in a Small Colonial State, 1857-1950  © 2009RedCalypso
  • Spector, Ronald, U.S. Marines in Grenada, 1983
  • Steele, Beverley A. , Grenada: A History of Its People, Macmillan Caribbean © 2003
  • To Construct From Morning: The Making of the Grenada Budget, Fedon Publishers.
  • Thomas, J. J., Froudacity: West Indian Fables by J.A. Froude © 1959
  • Thorndike, Tony, Grenada: Politics, Economics, and Society (Marxist Regimes Series) © 1985
  • Tiwathia, Vijay, The Grenada War: Anatomy of a Low-Intensity Conflict, Lancer International © 1987
  • Trollope, Anthony, The West Indies and the Spanish Main (1859)
  • Turnbull, Gordan, A Narrative of the Revolt and Insurrection of the French Inhabitants in the Island of Grenada  © 2008
  • United States Army, Operation Urgent Fury: The Invasion of Grenada, October 1983 © 2015
  • Valenta, Jiri, Ellison, Herbert J., Grenada And Soviet/Cuban Policy: Internal Crisis And U.S./OECS Intervention © 1986
  • Vanderhoff, Ann, The Spice Necklace: My Adventures in Caribbean Cooking, Eating, and Island Life © 2010
  • Vernon, K.C. et al., Soil and Land use Surveys No. 9 Grenada. University of the West Indies, Trinidad, W.I. © 1959
  • Victor, Teddy, Deception on Conception © 2014
  • Viechweg, Raymond D. Grenada Uncovered: An Uncommon view of the Island’s Geocultural Beauty © 2010
  • Vincent, George,  A Report on the Proposed Levera National Park, ECNAMP-CCA ©1981
  • Wagner, Geoffrey, Red Calypso: The Grenadian Revolution and Its Aftermath © 1988
  • Williams, Gary, US-Grenada Relations: Revolution and Intervention in the Backyard © 2007
  • Zwerneman, Andrew J., In Bloody Terms: The Betrayal of the Church in Marxist Grenada, Greenlawn Press, Indiana ©1986

CONNIE WILLIAMS: Restaurateur, Social Worker, Storyteller, and Author

Caldwell Taylor
March 9, 2015

Trinidadian Connie Williams opened the “Calypso Restaurant” on Mc Dougal Street [in New
York City] in 1943. She served up a West Indian cuisine, West Indian laughter and hot calypso: Connie`s place sizzled, and it sat a host of stars. Resturant

CLR James [1901-1989] and many other intellectual luminaries came to Connie’s to nyam, to jam to West Indian music and of course to talk radical politics. In those days James was the most learned of the Trotskyites: The so-called “Trots” were followers of Leon Trotsky [1879-1941], Russian revolutionary and Marxist theoretician who authored the theory of Permanent Revolution.

Connie did not confect theory; love was her practice; indeed a mighty love.

Connie’s place was kitchen and schoolhouse: she fed, she mentored, she taught, she mothered. “Jimmy” was perhaps the best-known of her many students.

Jimmy?

From Connie’s kitchen Jimmy went on to become novelist, essayist, and public intellectual.

Yes: Jimmy Baldwin [1924-1987] washed dishes in Connie’s Calypso Restaurant.

To be continued…

Books by Baldwin

Go Tell It in the Mountain, 1953

Notes of a Native Son, 1955

Giovanni’s Room, 1956

Nobody Knows My Name, 1957

Another Country, 1963


BRING MORE POWER TO THE SISTAHS!

March 8, 2015StatWmn

Today is International Women’s Day (IWD). Speaking at the February 27 and 28 conference under the title “Women in Power and decision-making: Building a Different World,” Winnie Byanyima, executive director of Oxfam International, told IPS:

“Women tend, when they’re in parliament, for example, to promote women’s rights legislation. When women are in sufficient numbers in parliaments they also promote children’s rights and they tend to speak up more for the interests of communities, local communities, because of their close involvement in community life”.PosterIWD

The February 27-28 conclave (held in the Chilean capital, Santiago) began with activities marking the 20th anniversary of the Fourth World Conference on Women, held in 1995 in the Chinese capital, Beijing.

Back in 1995 women accounted for a mere 11 percent of the world’s legislators. Fast-forward to 2015, women now make up 21.9% of parliamentarians around the world. The figure is still too low.

Although Grenada presently leads the English Speaking Caribbean with parliamentary representation in the lower house, with a 5 out of 15 ratio (33.3%), women are still under represented. The Grenada upper house is even less represented. Grenadians can also benefit from stronger legislation protecting women against gender violence and workplace discrimination.

Women in power tend to be more down-to-earth and far less theoretical than as in the case of men in high political office. What’s your say?  What steps can be taken to generally improve the lives of Grenadian women? How can representation be enhanced?

– A Big Drum Nation editorial


Leslie Arthur Julien Hutchinson, a Great Grenadian

 

March 7, 2015

It wouldn’t have been the roaring twenties in the United States without a Gouyaveman. Born March 7, 1900, Grenadian Leslie Arthur Julien Hutchinson was one of the biggest cabaret stars in the world during the 1920 – 30s. Better known as “Hutch”, he was one of the voices that made the 1920s become known as the ‘roaring 20s’.

220px-Hutch_1930s

Hutchinson took piano lessons as a child in Grenada before moving to New York City as a teenager. He later abandoned his interest in studying medicine and began playing the piano and singing in bars.

Hutch joined a black band led by Henry “Broadway” Jones in New York City that played for white aristocrats and millionaires, such as the Vanderbilts. He was targeted by racists such as Ku Klux Klan for his visibility and fame. Like many African Americans stars of the era, Hutch left the US for Europe in 1924 as a ‘shelter’ to racism.

According to wikipedia, quoting Michael Thornton inThe Royal Gigolo (2008):

He bought a Rolls-Royce, a grand house in Hampstead, patronised London’s best tailors, spoke five or six languages and was on friendly terms with the Prince of Wales. But he was still a black man in an era of racial discrimination. When he entertained at lavish Mayfair parties, his fee was large, but he was often obliged to go in by the servants’ entrance. This embittered him.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leslie

Martin Felix


HAVE YOU “MET” THESE WOMEN? (please add to the list)

 

international-womens-day-posterInternational Women’s Day [IWD] gives an opportunity to confront Misogyny – a woman- devouring monster. Misogyny stands for the banishment of women from the pages of history; and also from the social life of the community. “Women belong in the kitchen”, says one sage. Another says, “Women need to be behind their veils; for that is their God-appointed station”.

And who is that women –hating God?

Meet these women: (not an exhaustive list, please add)

 

 

 

May Fortune Doris Alexander Gert Protain Pansy Rowley Jacqueline Creft Eva Sylvester
Una Marson Elma Francois Phyllis Shand Allfrey Jean Rhys Bertha Mutt Mary Prince
Solitude Carlota Suzanne Sanite Belair Nita Barrow Elsa Goveia Lucille Mathurin Muir
Nanny Hilda Bynoe Beryl McBurnie Sybil Atteck Queen Mary Rajkumari Singh
Frances D’anglade Claudia Jones Alice Singh Louise Bennett Janet Jagan Kowsilla, and …


international-womens-day


March 6, 1957:  Lord Kitchener and the Making of an African Nation

Caldwell Taylor
March 2015
ghana
A Nation is the site/sight of struggle, a thing calypsonian Black Wizard notes:
“If you want to get rid of Babylon and build a just Nation
You’ve got to struggle on and on”.
Preceding the Black Wizard by more than twenty years Lord Kitchener [1922-2000] heralded the Birth of Ghana.
Kitch sang:
The day will never be forgotten
The sixth of March 1957
When the Gold Coast successfully
Get the Independence officially
ghana national geo
And speaking at one of several Independence Dinners Prime Minister Nkrumah  said:
“Even today in the West Indies. it is possible to hear words and phrases which came form from the various languages of the  Gold Coast”.
Kitch was one of the godfathers of the new nation; he was of course joined by CLR “Netto” James and George Padmore.
A Nation is a peripatetic enterprise